• Strengths Planning for Building Recovery Capital

    For decades, addiction professionals have been providing screening and assessment instruments that evaluate problem severity, complexity, and chronicity, but offer little data on the internal and external resources individuals and families can mobilize in resolving such problems (White & Cloud, 2008).


  • Social Determinants of Health and Behavioral Health Challenges

    The behavioral health field is engaged in a movement to expand the conventional medical treatment model of care that emphasizes diagnosis and subsequent treatment to the more comprehensive and inclusive model of population health. Improving “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group” (Kindig & Stoddard, 2003) is the critical focus of the population health model.


Nancy L. Marshall

Nancy L. Marshall, BA, CADC, is a therapist for men in the criminal justice system who also have drug and alcohol problems. She has been a therapist at Gateway Rehabilitation Center for the past 11 years. For the past six years she has been working with animal-assisted activities/ therapy at Gateway Rehabilitation Center in Erie, Pennsylvania. Nancy and Loki have also been involved with volunteer work at hospitals, colleges, nursing homes and a rehabilitation center for young women with behavioral problems. Nancy and Loki are affiliated with Paws for Friendship, Inc., an animal-assisted therapy organization that has been serving the community for 19 years.


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