• Substance Use Treatment in Jails: Current Issues and Recommendations 

    The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) estimates that in 2014, 21.5 million people in the United States age twelve and older had at least one substance use disorder (SUD), as cited in Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ; 2015).


  • Opiate Use: The Tip of the Iceberg for Adults in Jail

    Law enforcement officials and public health professionals are currently concentrating their efforts on reducing opiate use, and for good reason, but they may be overlooking even more prevalent substance use disorders (SUDs).


Nancy L. Marshall

Nancy L. Marshall, BA, CADC, is a therapist for men in the criminal justice system who also have drug and alcohol problems. She has been a therapist at Gateway Rehabilitation Center for the past 11 years. For the past six years she has been working with animal-assisted activities/ therapy at Gateway Rehabilitation Center in Erie, Pennsylvania. Nancy and Loki have also been involved with volunteer work at hospitals, colleges, nursing homes and a rehabilitation center for young women with behavioral problems. Nancy and Loki are affiliated with Paws for Friendship, Inc., an animal-assisted therapy organization that has been serving the community for 19 years.


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